Vaughan (2006 population 238,866) is a city in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Vaughan is the fastest growing municipality in Canada, having nearly doubled in population since 1991. Vaughan is part of the Greater Toronto Area. Its slogan is "The city above Toronto".
The City of Vaughan's Council is made up of nine members; a mayor, three regional councillors and five local councillors. The mayor, elected at large by electorate, is the head of Vaughan council and a representative on York Region Council. The three regional councillors are elected to represent Vaughan at both local and regional levels of government. Five local councillors are elected, one from each of Vaughan's five wards, to represent those wards on Vaughan Council. City councillors meet at the Civic Centre, located in the community of Maple. Construction recently began on a new city hall, to be called the Lorna D. Jackson Civic Centre in memory of the late Mayor. The new Civic Centre will be one of the first in Canada to conform to a LEED Gold Standard, the second highest environmental classification available. The Toronto Star newspaper has made claims that the naming was part of a preliminary deal that would wrap up an outstanding lawsuit between the Jackson estate and the city.
Vaughan is reputably known as having some of the highest concentrations of southern Europeans (notably Italian-Canadians), Eastern Europeans (chiefly Russians and Poles) and Jewish people in Ontario, while those who are of British Isles origin form a smaller proportion than in many other southern Ontario cities. Around 19 percent of the population are members of visible minority (non-European/white). Vaughan has a large South Asian population, with Indian and Pakistani Canadians holding a large portion of the non-white population. Vaughan also has a small but growing Hispanic, Jamaican, Vietnamese and Chinese population. Residents of Vaughan are very religious; the city has the lowest number of non-affiliates in Ontario. Some 67.42% of the population adheres to Christianity, mostly Roman Catholicism (55.80%). Those who practice non-Christian religions are also great in number, mostly Judaism (18.20%), Hindu (2.47%), and Islam (2.43%) as well as Buddhist(.56%).